Ortiz, Last Short Portrait: The Integration of Universal Culture

10 08 2010

To conclude the comments about the present selection of Ortiz’s correspondence which is stocked in the National Library of Cuba, I would like to refer to some of his concepts about the function of culture and its political connection with the destiny of the people. His opinions, in this respect, are news that can surprise us today. Considering that Ortiz was, above all, a humanist, an expert in the human in his many dimensions thanks to the study of his cultural roots in distinctive parts of the planet; only taking this into consideration can we explain to ourselves that his words from half of a century ago still seem so current today.

So he said to his friend, Ricardo E. Alegria, a respected archaeologist and Puerto Rican cultural investigator in a postcard from 11 June 1956:

“It is necessary to strengthen more and more the nationalities at the same time we think of how to improve the international links. Although it seems contradictory, the adventure of this time, the adventure perhaps of the future, seems to be at the same time strengthening the nationalities and combining them in ever wider consortiums, free, humanistic, civilized. Because of this, to study and define the indigenous cultures seems to be good work to better to be able to, with practical realism, mesh them with the mechanism of universal progress.

“Worldwide, we have seen a revival of the folkloric, of consciousness and self-worth, at the same time that there is a definite push towards science and worldwide coordination. We have to penetrate more deeply into the natural insides of the people to work with them adjust to the ideals of the future, i.e. the integration of life.”

In this way Fernando Ortiz spoke then, for today and for tomorrow.

To continue, the bibliography used to make up texts of tribute to Fernando Ortiz is published here:

  • Alegría, Ciro:  Lázaro. Editorial Losada. Buenos Aires, 1973.
  • —————–: El mundo es ancho y ajeno. Casa de las Américas, Instituto del Libro. La Habana, 1972.
  • —————–: La Revolución cubana, un testimonio personal. Editores Peisa. Lima, 1973.
  • Bueno, Salvador: Historia de la literatura cubana. Instituto Cubano del Libro. La Habana, 1971.
  • ———————-: Medio siglo de literatura cubana. Publicaciones de la Comisión Nacional Cubana de la UNESCO. La Habana, 1953.
  • Camín, Alfonso:  Antología poética. Editorial Renacimiento. Madrid, 1931.
  • ———————: Carey y nuevos poemas. Editorial Revista Norte. México, 1945.
  • Chaple, Sergio:  Estudios de literatura cubana. Editorial Letras Cubanas. La Habana, 1980.
  • Fernández de Castro, José Antonio:  Esquema histórico de las letras en Cuba. Publicaciones del Departamento de Intercambio Cultural de la Universidad de La Habana. La Habana, 1949.
  • Henríquez Ureña, Max:  Panorama histórico de la literatura cubana. Editorial Arte y Literatura. La Habana, 1978.
  • García-Carranza, Araceli (compiladora): Bio-bibliografía de Don Fernando Ortiz. Instituto del Libro. La Habana, 1970.
  • Nueva Enciclopedia Larousse (diez volúmenes). Madrid, 1984.
  • Onís, Federico de:  Luis Palés Matos: vida y obra-biografía-antología. Instituto de Estudios Hispánicos. Universidad Central de Las Villas. Santa Clara, 1959.
  • Ortiz Fernández,  Fernando:  El engaño de las razas. Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. La Habana, 1975.
  • —————————————-:  Contrapunteo cubano del tabaco y el azúcar. Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. La Habana, 1983.
  • —————————————-.  Historia de una pelea cubana contra los demonios. Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. La Habana, 1975.
  • Palés Matos, Luis:  Poesía completa y prosa selecta. Biblioteca Ayacucho. Caracas, 1978.
  • Vitier, Cintio:  Lo cubano en la poesía. Instituto del Libro. La Habana, 1970.

Translated by Ivana Recmanova




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